Anatomy and Physiology is designed to promote scientific literacy. Throughout the text, you will find features that engage the students by taking selected topics a step further. This course is based on the material published by Open Stax College, USA under Creative Commons License CC BY-SA 4.0.

Attribution: OpenStax College, Anatomy and Physiology. OpenStax CNX | Download for free at[email protected]

  • Homeostatic Imbalances discusses the effects and results of imbalances in the body.
  • Disorders showcases a disorder that is relevant to the body system at hand. This feature may focus on a specific disorder or a set of related disorders.
  • Diseases showcases a disease that is relevant to the body system at hand.
  • Aging explores the effect aging has on a body’s system and specific disorders that manifest over time.
  • Career Connections presents information on the various careers often pursued by allied health students, such as medical technician, medical examiner, and neurophysiologist. Students are introduced to the educational requirements for and day-to-day responsibilities in these careers.
  • Everyday Connections tie anatomical and physiological concepts to emerging issues and discuss these in terms of everyday life. Topics include “Anabolic Steroids” and “The Effect of Second-Hand Tobacco Smoke.”
  • Interactive Links direct students to online exercises, simulations, animations, and videos to add a fuller context to core content and help improve understanding of the material. Many features include links to the University of Michigan’s interactive WebScopes, which allow students to zoom in on micrographs in the collection. These resources were vetted by reviewers and other subject matter experts to ensure that they are effective and accurate. We strongly urge students to explore these links, whether viewing a video or inputting data into a simulation, to gain the fullest experience and to learn how to search for information independently.

Course Curriculum

An Introduction to the Human Body 00:30:00
Overview of Anatomy and Physiology 01:30:00
Structural Organization of the Human Body 00:00:00
Functions of Human Life 00:00:00
Requirements for Human Life 00:45:00
Homeostasis 01:00:00
Anatomical Terminology 01:00:00
Medical Imaging 01:00:00
Fundamentals of biomedical imaging 10:00:00
2. The Chemical Level of Organization
Introduction – Chemical Level of Organization 01:00:00
Elements and Atoms: the Building Blocks of Matter 00:00:00
Chemical Bonds 01:00:00
Chemical Reactions 01:00:00
Inorganic Compounds Essential to Human Functioning 01:00:00
Organic Compounds Essential to Human Functioning 01:00:00
3. The Cellular Level of Organization
Introduction – The Cellular Level of Organization 01:00:00
The Cell Membrane 01:00:00
The Cytoplasm and Cellular Organelles 01:00:00
The Nucleus and DNA Replication 01:00:00
Protein Synthesis 01:00:00
Cell Growth and Division 01:00:00
Cellular Differentiation 01:00:00
4. The Tissue Level of Organization
Introduction – The Tissue Level of Organization 00:00:00
Types of Tissues 01:00:00
Epithelial Tissue 01:00:00
Connective Tissue Supports and Protects 01:00:00
Muscle Tissue and Motion 01:00:00
Nervous Tissue Mediates Perception and Response 01:00:00
Tissue Injury and Aging 01:00:00
5. The Integumentary System
Introduction – The Integumentary System 00:00:00
Layers of the Skin 01:00:00
Accessory Structures of the Skin 01:00:00
Functions of the Integumentary System 01:00:00
Diseases, Disorders, and Injuries of the Integumentary System 01:00:00
6. Bone Tissue and the Skeletal System
Introduction – Bone Tissue and the Skeletal System 01:00:00
The Functions of the Skeletal System 01:00:00
Bone Classification 01:00:00
Bone Structure 01:00:00
Bone Formation and Development 01:00:00
Fractures: Bone Repair 01:00:00
Exercise, Nutrition, Hormones, and Bone Tissue 01:00:00
Calcium Homeostasis: Interactions of the Skeletal System and Other Organ Systems 00:00:00
7. Axial Skeleton
Introduction – Axial Skeleton 01:00:00
Divisions of the Skeletal System 01:00:00
The Skull 01:00:00
The Vertebral Column 01:00:00
The Thoracic Cage 01:00:00
Embryonic Development of the Axial Skeleton 01:00:00
8. The Appendicular Skeleton
Introduction – The Appendicular Skeleton 01:00:00
The Pectoral Girdle 01:00:00
Bones of the Upper Limb 01:00:00
The Pelvic Girdle and Pelvis 01:00:00
Bones of the Lower Limb 00:00:00
Development of the Appendicular Skeleton 01:00:00
9. Joints
Introduction – Joints 00:00:00
Classification of Joints 01:00:00
Fibrous Joints 01:00:00
Cartilaginous Joints 01:00:00
Synovial Joints 00:00:00
Types of Body Movements 01:00:00
Anatomy of Selected Synovial Joints 01:00:00
Development of Joints 01:00:00
10. Muscle Tissue
Introduction – Muscle Tissue 01:00:00
Overview of Muscle Tissues 01:00:00
Skeletal Muscle 01:00:00
Muscle Fiber Contraction and Relaxation 01:00:00
Nervous System Control of Muscle Tension 01:00:00
Types of Muscle Fibers 01:00:00
Exercise and Muscle Performance 01:00:00
Cardiac Muscle Tissue 01:00:00
Smooth Muscle 01:00:00
Development and Regeneration of Muscle Tissue 01:00:00
11. The Muscular System
Introduction – The Muscular System 01:00:00
Interactions of Skeletal Muscles, Their Fascicle Arrangement, and Their Lever Systems 01:00:00
Naming Skeletal Muscles 01:00:00
Axial Muscles of the Head, Neck, and Back 01:00:00
Axial Muscles of the Abdominal Wall, and Thorax 01:00:00
Muscles of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs 01:00:00
Appendicular Muscles of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs 01:00:00
12. The Nervous System and Nervous Tissue
Introduction – The Nervous System and Nervous Tissue 01:00:00
Basic Structure and Function of the Nervous System 01:00:00
Nervous Tissue 01:00:00
The Function of Nervous Tissue 01:00:00
The Action Potential 01:00:00
Communication Between Neurons 01:00:00
13. Anatomy of the Nervous System
Introduction – Anatomy of the Nervous System 01:00:00
The Embryologic Perspective 01:00:00
The Central Nervous System 01:00:00
Circulation and the Central Nervous System 01:00:00
The Peripheral Nervous System 01:00:00
14. The Somatic Nervous System
Introduction – The Somatic Nervous System 01:00:00
Sensory Perception 01:00:00
Central Processing 01:00:00
Motor Responses 01:00:00
15. The Autonomic Nervous System
Introduction – The Autonomic Nervous System 01:00:00
Divisions of the Autonomic Nervous System 01:00:00
Autonomic Reflexes and Homeostasis 01:00:00
Central Control 01:00:00
Drugs that Affect the Autonomic System 01:00:00
16. The Neurological Exam
Introduction – The Neurological Exam 01:00:00
Overview of the Neurological Exam 01:00:00
The Mental Status Exam 01:00:00
The Cranial Nerve Exam 01:00:00
The Sensory and Motor Exams 01:00:00
The Coordination and Gait Exams 01:00:00
17. The Endocrine System
Introduction – The Endocrine System 01:00:00
An Overview of the Endocrine System 01:00:00
Hormones 01:00:00
The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus 01:00:00
The Thyroid Gland 01:00:00
The Parathyroid Glands 01:00:00
The Adrenal Glands 01:00:00
The Pineal Gland 01:00:00
Gonadal and Placental Hormones 01:00:00
The Endocrine Pancreas 01:00:00
Organs with Secondary Endocrine Functions 01:00:00
Development and Aging of the Endocrine System 01:00:00
18. The Cardiovascular System: Blood
Introduction – The Cardiovascular System: Blood 01:00:00
An Overview of Blood 01:00:00
Production of the Formed Elements 01:00:00
Erythrocytes 01:00:00
Leukocytes and Platelets 01:00:00
Hemostasis 01:00:00
Blood Typing 01:00:00
19. The Cardiovascular System: The Heart
Introduction – The Cardiovascular System: The Heart 01:00:00
Heart Anatomy 01:00:00
Cardiac Muscle and Electrical Activity 01:00:00
Cardiac Cycle 01:00:00
Cardiac Physiology 01:00:00
Development of the Heart 01:00:00
20. The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation
Introduction – The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation 01:00:00
Structure and Function of Blood Vessels 01:00:00
Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance 01:00:00
Capillary Exchange 01:00:00
Homeostatic Regulation of the Vascular System 01:00:00
Circulatory Pathways 01:00:00
Development of Blood Vessels and Fetal Circulation 01:00:00
21. The Lymphatic and Immune System
Introduction – The Lymphatic and Immune System 01:00:00
Anatomy of the Lymphatic and Immune Systems 01:00:00
Barrier Defenses and the Innate Immune Response 00:00:00
The Adaptive Immune Response: T lymphocytes and Their Functional Types 01:00:00
The Adaptive Immune Response: B-lymphocytes and Antibodies 01:00:00
The Immune Response against Pathogens 01:00:00
Diseases Associated with Depressed or Overactive Immune Responses 01:00:00
Transplantation and Cancer Immunology 01:00:00
22. The Respiratory System
Introduction – The Respiratory System 01:00:00
Organs and Structures of the Respiratory System 01:00:00
The Lungs 01:00:00
The Process of Breathing 01:00:00
Gas Exchange 01:00:00
Transport of Gases 01:00:00
Modifications in Respiratory Functions 01:00:00
Embryonic Development of the Respiratory System 01:00:00
23. The Digestive System
Introduction – The Digestive System 01:00:00
Overview of the Digestive System 01:00:00
Digestive System Processes and Regulation 01:00:00
The Mouth, Pharynx, and Esophagus 01:00:00
The Stomach 01:00:00
The Small and Large Intestines 01:00:00
Accessory Organs in Digestion: The Liver, Pancreas, and Gallbladder 01:00:00
Chemical Digestion and Absorption: A Closer Look 01:00:00
24. Metabolism and Nutrition
Introduction – Metabolism and Nutrition 01:00:00
Overview of Metabolic Reactions 01:00:00
Carbohydrate Metabolism 01:00:00
Lipid Metabolism 01:00:00
Protein Metabolism 01:00:00
Metabolic States of the Body 01:00:00
Energy and Heat Balance 01:00:00
Nutrition and Diet 01:00:00
25. The Urinary System
Introduction – The Urinary System 01:00:00
Physical Characteristics of Urine 01:00:00
Gross Anatomy of Urine Transport 01:00:00
Gross Anatomy of the Kidney 01:00:00
Microscopic Anatomy of the Kidney 01:00:00
Physiology of Urine Formation 01:00:00
Tubular Reabsorption 01:00:00
Regulation of Renal Blood Flow 01:00:00
Endocrine Regulation of Kidney Function 01:00:00
Regulation of Fluid Volume and Composition 01:00:00
The Urinary System and Homeostasis 01:00:00
26. Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
Introduction – Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance 01:00:00
Body Fluids and Fluid Compartments 01:00:00
Water Balance 01:00:00
Electrolyte Balance 01:00:00
Acid-Base Balance 01:00:00
Disorders of Acid-Base Balance 01:00:00
27. The Reproductive System
Introduction – The Reproductive System 01:00:00
Anatomy and Physiology of the Male Reproductive System 01:00:00
Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System 01:00:00
Development of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems 01:00:00
28. Development and Inheritance
Introduction – Development and Inheritance 01:00:00
Fertilization 01:00:00
Embryonic Development 01:00:00
Fetal Development 01:00:00
Maternal Changes During Pregnancy, Labor, and Birth 01:00:00
Adjustments of the Infant at Birth and Postnatal Stages 01:00:00
Lactation 01:00:00
Patterns of Inheritance 01:00:00
Medical Terminology Quiz 1FREE 00:10:00
Medical Terminology Test 02FREE 00:15:00
Anatomy & Physiology – Quiz 00:30:00

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